Many children will develop skills in the same order. However, it’s not a question of days or weeks – children will develop at their own pace. Some development characteristics are inherited, such as speech. Some children learn to talk earlier, others later. If you’re worried about your child’s development, talk to your doctor or contact the parent advisory centre in your canton, where you can receive advice free of charge for the first three years of your child’s life.
- Head up: Your baby’s neck muscles are getting stronger and he can sometimes even hold and turn his head for a few moments when lying on his stomach. However, you should continue to support his head, because he can’t hold it alone for longer periods.
- Exploring arms and legs: While exploring his body, your baby will realise that his arms and legs are part of him. He’ll discover his hands and feet first.
- Sucking: Sucking is very important for babies. They need it for self-regulation but also to calm down and relax.
- Hearing: Newborns hear very well from birth, enabling them to recognise the voices of their mum and dad.
- Producing sounds: At one month, your baby may gurgle, squawk, grunt or hum to express his feelings. If you gurgle, squawk, grunt or hum in return, your baby will be delighted to “chat” with you in this way. Some babies start squealing or laughing at an early age.
- Recognition: Your baby will be able to hold eye contact with you for longer now. Although he’s actually been able to recognise you since he was a few days old, he’ll only be able to demonstrate this recognition towards the end of the first month. Around half of all babies show signs of recognition at this age by responding differently to their mum and dad compared to strangers. Your baby may quieten down and make eye contact with you; some babies even smile when they see their parents.
- Listening to music: Now that your baby is awake for longer phases, you can use the time to stimulate his senses. You can sing lullabies or play music – but don’t overdo it. Even the sound of wind chimes or a ticking clock will fascinate your baby.
- Increased attention span: Once your child has learnt to focus with both eyes, he can now follow moving objects with his eyes. He can be completely fascinated by a simple rattle shaken gently in front of his face. Or try moving your face slowly directly in front of your baby’s face – watch how his eyes follow yours.
- Physical contact: Physical contact helps your baby feel safe and secure. One great way to ensure plenty of physical contact is to carry your baby in a sling.