Type 2 diabetes is a growing epidemic in today's society. Once a disease associated with older people, now more and more people under 40 are affected by it with the biggest risk factors being lack of exercise and being overweight.
The progression of type 2 diabetes is slow and it tends to go unnoticed for a long time. The pancreas either releases less and less insulin or the body develops insulin resistance: Insufficient insulin is produced for the body's demands and, little by little, the body becomes less efficient at filtering sugar out of the blood and converting it into energy.
It's common for sufferers to remain symptom-free for a long time. The disease is often only diagnosed when the complications start – poorly healing wounds which are prone to infection, loss of sensation in the feet or legs and impaired vision as a result of permanently elevated bloody sugar levels damaging the nerves and blood vessels.
The good news: If diagnosed early, type 2 diabetes can be treated without medication – lowering blood sugar simply by losing weight, eating healthier and moving more. The Sanitas health coach can help you to change your lifestyle for the better.
Ask us for advice Even relatively simple measures can make a huge difference:
If a change in lifestyle is not enough to lower blood sugar levels, then your doctor may consider tablets. And if all of the above don't lead to the desired result, you can always consider insulin therapy.
The following threshold values apply:
|Normal||Possible indicator of diabetes||Diabetes diagnosis|
|Fasting1 blood sugar levels (glucose)||Under 5.6 mmol/L
||Over 7 mmol/L
1Fasting = no food or drink (except water) for 8 hours.
2HbA1c = Long-term blood glucose level (3 months).