Sharing moments Young adults Bye bye Hotel Mum How you feel at home Semester abroad Language course abroad or work as an au pair? Be prepared for military training Grassrooted Pack smarter, travel better Make an impression Contraception Vegan diet Bye bye Hotel Mum – hello shared flat Big trip, small budget Finanzielle Vorsorge Planning a family Tracking fertility The right time? How men can help Fertility and diet Medical check-up What you need to know about ovulation What to do if you don’t conceive straight away Three electronic fertility and cycle trackers in comparison Planning a family and partnership Pregnancy Examinations during pregnancy Diet and nutrition Is my pregnancy progressing normally? Tips for daily life Important points for travel and holidays Is my pregnancy progressing normally? What items do I need for my baby? Where and how do I want to give birth? What do I need to pack for the hospital? How should I prepare my home for my child? Is my pregnancy progressing normally? How can I best prepare for my baby? How can I best prepare for the birth? Nutrition Parent-child relationship Preparing for breastfeeding | Sanitas Magazine Insurance Stretch marks Sleep Rupture of membranes Baby blues High-risk pregnancy Braxton Hicks & false labour Formalitites Morning sickness Family rooms Our baby Bathing baby – what you need to know How babies hear Infant first-aid kit Baby care Is my baby developing normally? Month-to-month overview of baby development Is my baby developing normally? Baby’s development: Months 3 and 4 Baby care Breastfeeding When does a baby start eating? Weight Baby growth spurts Toys Sun protection for baby skin Teething Milk teeth: what to do in case of accident Baby’s development: Months 5 and 6 Pelvic floor exercises after birth Babyschlaf Celebrating and enjoyment Christmas and New Year’s Eve with a twist A philosophical take on pleasure Pleasure can also be found in the soup kitchen in Zurich Tips for a peaceful and stress-free Christmas Living better with cardiac insufficiency Alejandro Iglesias Hana Disch Patrizio Orlando Vaccinations and travel first-aid kit Hay fever In pursuit of happiness Seven tips for a happier daily life Kids in lockdown Online addiction Heart attack symptoms in women Decisions Decision-making tips Report from the hospital Donating a kidney Life decisions Emigrating to South America Geocaching Be active Active during pregnancy Sport and exercise during pregnancy Antenatal exercise classes Standing properly Healthy eating Green smoothies Vitamin D Good eggs, bad eggs Diet plan Healthy fats Feed your muscles How much sugar should we eat a day? How much fat should we eat a day? Lactose intolerance Healthy diet, strong immune system Low Carb E-numbers and other additives in food Personalised diet Healthy heart Interview with Christophe Wyss Heart-friendly sports How the mind affects the heart Taking blood pressure correctly High blood pressure: what you need to know Healthy teeth Home remedies: relief for sore gums A dentist explains Brushing up on brushing Changing habits Interview Stortpsychologie 10-step guide to changing habits Try, try, try again Fitnessmotivation Running coaching Running ABC Race in Sarnen Factors affecting condition Weekly planner Running shoes Strengthening exercises Running nutrition Complementary sport Warm-up Stretching Functional clothing Fitness tracker Shopping – sportswear Running tips for women Relaxation technique Recovery New lease of life thanks to Sanitas running coaching Sport after childbirth Postnatal exercise Taking the strain off your shoulders Kangatraining Workout while walking Expert tips Stress and relaxation Moving air Fight stress with yoga What is stress Learn how to relax Dealing with stress What is burnout? “The first step was to create boundaries” Juggling family and a career Reduce stress Stressor factors The most beautiful Swiss saunas Sweating in the sauna Breathing exercises for relaxation The right rest & recovery: debunking myths Mindfulness Sleep Trend sports Fitness boxing Slackline Bouldering Fascia training Stand Up Paddling Keeping fit efficiently Swing with a smile! Vertical workout Hiking Altitude sickness Seven stroller-friendly hikes Needed: a hiking-friendly pushchair There goes the other sole! Tips on hiking with a baby Mountain lakes Planning a family: Fertility and exercise Stair climbing Pumptrack Kids’ back Back exercises Sitting properly at work Forest fun Playing for life Promoting health and fitness Motivation Sledging Curling glossary What do you get if you cross a kite with snow? Snowshoeing Preventing falls Inline skating Swimming Swimming Wings for Life Stretching Bike tips Stretching exercises for cyclists koerper-und-kaelte Healthy teeth thanks to dental hygiene and preventive care Putting wishes into practice Tips for healthy teeth Hometraining Investigating teeth-related myths 10 tips to ease anxiety Hand care How our body regenerates The best abdominal exercises in five minutes Keeping fit on holiday Swim training aids Wie viel Sport ist gesund Gathering mushrooms – the right way | Sanitas Magazine Check-ups Five-minute stretching routine Gehirntraining Rückenschmerzen Licht Yogastile Ayurveda-Morgenroutine Tips for doing sport outside in winter Cross-country skiing for beginners Home remedies against dandruff Home remedies Home remedies for bladder infections Home remedies for a sore throat Home remedies for migraines Home remedies against excessive sweating Home remedies for a sun allergy Healthy feet, healthy back core exercises for mountain bikers Symptoms Check Sport after Corona HIIT: quick and efficient exercises Sore muscles: debunking myths Debunking swimming myths strength training for young people Exercise videos Whole-body workout Sun protection Strong mind How to be mentally strong Mental strength Psychosomatics Resilience Tips against feeling down Sleep hygiene and mental well-being Depression Panic attacks ADHD: Symptoms in children and adults Mental illness: help for friends and family Living together today Digital life Online addiction Digital temptation Children and digital media Smartphone neck Digital responsibility and solidarity Our brains love habit Change my habits? You’re joking! Planning a family: Difficulties trying to have a baby Planning a family: Myth vs fact Solidarity study Newcomers Living together tomorrow Digital nomads Giesserei multi-generation house The blind film director Help instead of rent Working on the move Medical practices of the future Our skin – layer by layer Generational discussion: wishes for life Hausarzt und Corona Safe return to work Corona crisis: singing together Corona crisis: Working in intensive care Corona crisis: working in a nursing home Rest and recovery: learning from children Corona crisis: voluntary work for the needy Second opinion Relationships and children Three questions that keep us awake at night Outing The nature of lying Vorsorge Finding sound health-related information online Impfstoffe entwickeln Tipps für Jugendliche in der Corona-Krise Becoming parents Diagnose: Kind im Haus Long Covid Take it easy in your free time YouTuber Aditotoro on the coronavirus pandemic Minimalism for a happy life Thanks to corona: more time for family Back to life after a paragliding accident Decluttering: the answer to chaos Living and loving with autism Developments for the future App check Aqualert SRC blood donor Codecheck Forest Freedom Freeletics Moment Three sleep apps reviewed PeakFinder Findery Six fitness apps reviewed Internet use High-tech trousers Prostheses Hospital of the future New skin for burns victims Online-Therapien How drugs are developed Generics A vision of the future: How we will live in 30 years Onward Sanitas newsletter
Dossier: Our baby

Baby’s development: Months 3 and 4

Babies reach key milestones at similar times. At three or four months, most babies are becoming increasingly independent and recognise mum and dad. But don’t worry if your child isn’t meeting all the milestones exactly on time. Every child is different.

Photo: Unsplash

Milestones at 3 months

  • Head up: Lying on his back, your baby can hold his head off the floor for a few minutes. On his stomach, he may be able to lift his head and shoulders off the floor. Encourage these mini push-ups by dangling toys in front of him.
  • Improved arm, hand and leg coordination: Your baby can now wave and kick. He can also bring his hands together and open his fingers, although he’ll probably still hit out at moving objects with clenched fists. You can encourage the development of hand coordination by holding out toys to your child until he grabs for them.
  • Sleeping habits: Children have totally different sleep patterns. Most babies tend to settle into a sleep routine at three or four months. Some babies may already be sleeping through the night and only wake occasionally to be fed. But some find it more difficult to sleep throughout the night.
  • Recognising mum and dad: Your baby will feel a close connection to you now and will recognise your face with ease. He may still smile at anyone, but he can differentiate between people now and will have favourites.
  • The part of the brain responsible for hand-eye coordination (parietal lobe) is now developing rapidly. The temporal lobe, which is actively involved in hearing, speaking and smelling, is also becoming more active and receptive to outside influences. If your baby hears your voice now, he’ll turn directly towards you and gurgle or make other sounds.
  • Early language development: It’s in this phase that your baby becomes aware of the significance of language. When you talk to him, he saves the information in his fast-growing memory. If the parents are bilingual, each parent should speak to him in their own native language.
  • Sense of touch and physical contact: Your baby’s sense of touch is improving all the time. You can encourage this development by giving him different materials. When you touch, carry and massage your child, he relaxes and develops an awareness of his body. Physical contact also strengthens the bond between you and your child. Your midwife can show you how to massage your baby.
  • Interaction: Your baby is continuously taking stock of the world around him. He is now more communicative with other people and shows increasing willingness to interact with them.

Milestones at 4 months

  • Breastfeeding: The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends breastfeeding exclusively for the first six months. As your child responds more and more to the world around him, it makes breastfeeding more difficult, because he’s more easily distracted. Try to find a quiet place for breastfeeding.
  • Turning over: While lying on his stomach, your baby is starting to lift his head and shoulders off the floor by pushing himself up with his arms. Maybe he can even turn over from his back to his tummy and vice versa. Celebrate this achievement with your baby – he needs your reassurance, particularly when he does something he’s not completely sure about.
  • Stretching and grabbing: Your baby can now stretch and reach for objects he wants. As soon as he has an object in his small fist, he’ll look at it for a moment and then put it in his mouth. Encourage your baby to discover and play with different things, for example cloth nappies, rattles or a bell tied to string. By crumpling and releasing the material or by pulling on the string attached to the bell he will learn about cause and effect. To prevent choking, don’t let him play with small objects.
  • Teething: Maybe your baby is starting to dribble more. Some babies start teething at this age, but teeth don’t usually appear before 6 months. To soothe the pain, babies often suck on their fists. Some babies get a high temperature, suffer from diarrhoea and/or sleep badly while they’re teething.
  • Independent play: At four months, many babies are happy to play alone for a few minutes. If you notice it’s suddenly gone quiet, you’ll probably find your baby playing happily with his hands and feet.
  • Colour preferences: Although babies can see from birth, they have difficulties initially in differentiating between similar shades, e.g. red and orange. This is why they initially prefer black and white or other strongly contrasting colours. Between the age of two and four months, your baby can identify colours more clearly. Red, blue and green mobiles, bright pictures and expressive picture books are sure to catch his eye.
  • Picky with people: From 4 months, your baby will respond to your presence, voice and gestures by kicking his legs and waving his arms. Up to now, he’s probably greeted everyone with a smile, but he’s getting a bit pickier now. Give him time to get used to strangers, such as the babysitter.